A coalition of health and environmental organizations appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court to reconsider a controversial appeals court ruling in a lawsuit over the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule.
American Lung Association, Environmental Defense Fund, Natural Resources Defense Council, Sierra Club, and the Clean Air Council filed the appeal – officially called a petition for writ of certiorari – with the Supreme Court.
“The Cross-State Air Pollution Rule is vital for the health and well-being of hundreds of millions of Americans,” said EDF counsel Sean H. Donahue. “We have asked the U.S. Supreme Court to review the lower court’s decision given the profound public interest in ensuring healthier, longer lives for the 240 million Americans afflicted by power plant pollution and given the appeals court’s sharp deviation from settled legal principles.”
The Cross-State Air Pollution Rule is a historic pollution reduction measure that would protect air quality for 240 million Americans across the Eastern United States and save up to 34,000 lives each year. The rule was created by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) under the “good neighbor” provision of the Clean Air Act, which is intended to ensure that the emissions from one state’s power plants do not cause harmful pollution levels in neighboring states.
Opponents of the clean air standards sued to block them. In August, a divided three-judge panel of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit vacated and remanded the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule to EPA.
Judge Judith Rogers, who dissented in the case, argued that the ruling represented a “trampling on this court’s precedent on which the Environmental Protection Agency (‘EPA’) was entitled to rely in developing the Transport Rule rather than be blindsided by arguments raised for the first time in this court.” (from the Dissent Opinion at page 1)
More Information about the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule
The Cross-State Air Pollution Rule would reduce the sulfur dioxide and oxides of nitrogen pollution emitted from coal-fired power plants across 28 eastern states. Those emissions, and the resulting particulate pollution and ozone — more commonly known as soot and smog — drift across the borders of those states and contribute to dangerous, sometimes lethal, levels of pollution in downwind states.
The Cross-State Air Pollution Rule would reduce power plant sulfur dioxide emissions by 73 percent and oxides of nitrogen by 54 percent from 2005 levels. While no one is immune to these impacts, children and the elderly in downwind states are especially vulnerable.
EPA estimates the Cross-State Rule would:
- Save up to 34,000 lives each year
- Prevent 15,000 heart attacks each year
- Prevent 400,000 asthma attacks each year
- Provide up to $280 billion in health benefits for America each year
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